Pure silk, one of the oldest known natural fibres, is still highly fashionable even after thousands of years. This beautiful and elegant fabric fascinates mankind with its precious radiance, gossamer touch and strength. As long ago as antiquity, the incomparable haptic inspired the powerful in this world to such a degree that they even weighed the fibres in gold. Kings, emperors and the clergy wore splendid silken garments, the wealthy ladies and gentlemen of society did not want to forego silk clothes. The history of city of Krefeld, also referred to as the ‘Τown Like Silk and Velvet’, is closely linked to this magical material.

Key silk pilot results


Historical narratives

Explore our collection of curated historical narratives relevant to the silk industry history of Krefeld from the Mingei Online Platform.

Interactive timeline

Explore our interactive streaming gallery of Silk fabulae presenting historical and social events related to the craft of Silk in Krefeld in a timeline format.

3D Reconstructions

View videos of our 3D reconstruction results and explore our interactive ecclesiastical vestment application.

Digitisation of textiles, fabrics, and paper

How does fabric look like up close? View a video of how this is possible with the use of our overhead micrometer surface scanner solution.


Learn more about historic patterns of the period.

Craft understanding

How does a pattern become a final product? Learn about the Jacquard weaving process and the hidden arts involved.

Historical narratives – Explore Silk narratives from the Mingei Online Platform

Explore our historical narratives to learn more about Krefeld and its evolution to a major player in the European textile industry. The historic narratives have been produced by curated historic data provided by the museum of Haus der Seidenkultur and authored in the MIngei Online Platform.

Historical narratives – Explore the story of Hubert Gotzes parament workshop narratives from the Mingei Online Platform

In the ‘Town Like Silk and Velvet’ of Krefeld in Germany, you will find a former weaving workshop that stands proudly as a testimony of the rich silk industry of the Rhine region. The workshop has been transformed into a museum, the Haus der Seidenkultur, run by the Friends Association and operated by a number of dedicated volunteers. Learn more about the history of the Hubert Gotzes parament workshop from our collection of historical narratives. The narrative have been produced by curated historic data provided by the museum of Haus der Seidenkultur and authored in the Mingei Online Platform (MOP).


Interactive Timeline application

Visit the silk Interactive Timeline application to view historical and social events related to the craft of Silk in Krefeld in a timeline format.


  • Web-based interactive craft presentation application
  • Supports connectivity to authored fabulae from MOP
  • Built on Unity 3D engine

3D Reconstructions of historic liturgical paraments

The following videos show the results of the 3D reconstruction of five historical liturgical paraments of HdS.

Ecclesiastical Vestment, Haus der Seidenkultur.
Ecclesiastical Vestment, Haus der Seidenkultur, Krefeld, Germany.
Ecclesiastical Vestment, Haus der Seidenkultur.
Little Brother (Brüderchen), Haus der Seidenkultur.

Interactive Ecclesiastical Vestments application

This application exploits digitisation results of historic Silk ecclesiastical vestments from year 1 of the project. The results are presented in an online interactive image gallery carousel.


  • Web-based interactive craft presentation application
  • Exploits digitisation of assets results
  • Built on Unity 3D

Digitisation of textiles, fabric, and paper


  • Low-cost, contactless surface scanner
  • 19.8 Kpp
A low-cost contactless overhead micrometer surface scanner

Historical Patterns


Textile production with Jacquard looms – The Hidden arts

Jacquard loom weaving entails the creation of intricate woven patterns. The process of weaving on Jacquard looms involves the following 5 stages: Pattern design, Point-paper design, Puch-card making, loom preparation, and weaving. Learn more below.

Pattern design

The first step of the process regards the art of pattern designing. The pattern designer develops ideas for patterns which are to be incorporated in the woven textiles. To do this he requires considerable graphic and artistic talent. Depending on the technical options available in the weaving workshop, the specifications set out by the studio, the fashion trend and the designated use, he designs geometric or floral shapes, abstract or graphic representations. Sometimes he also provides various colour options. Explore instances of pattern design examples provided by the Haus der Seidenkultur museum archives.

Point-paper design

Once the pattern designer completes the artistic design, the point paper designer iconverts it into a technical drawing according to the patterning options provided by the weaving machine.
To do this he transfers the design to special paper, the so-called point paper. Each rectangle on the point paper symbolises a crossing of warp and weft threads. Depending on the pattern, colour is used to indicate in the appropriate rectangle which warp threads should be on top at the crossing point (weave). There are many different weaves and the point paper designer has to choose the most appropriate one so that the design in question appears as accurately as possible in the fabric.
Explore instances of point-paper designing examples provided by the Haus der Seidenkultur museum archives.

Punch-card making

The card puncher transforms the technical drawing made by the point paper designer into a punched card.
With his fingers on the keyboard he enters the data into the card punching machine and with his foot he punches the card by activating the pedal. A hole in the card signalises to the Jacquard machine that a warp thread has to be raised. No hole in the card, then the warp thread remains where it is. The space between the lower warp threads and the raised warp threads is referred to as the shed into which the weft thread can be inserted. One card is needed for each weft thread. Once they have been punched, the cards for each pattern are numbered and threaded together and then suspended in the Jacquard machine as an endless card set.

Preparation of the Jackquard looms

Preparation of the Jacquard loom is a complicated and time consuming process that requires specialised skills.